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KS4 Antibiotics

This section contains a series of educational resources for young adults aged 15-18 and explores the use of antibiotics and the rise of resistant bacterial strains.

  • Overview

What will you learn:

The e-Bug antibiotic lesson plan explores how antibiotics work and how bacteria differ from viruses or human cells:

  • Animations and a student worksheet describe how antibiotic resistance arises and spreads.
  • A presentation covers antibiotic discovery and resistance.
  • A quiz allows you to test your students' knowledge on antibiotics before or after the lesson.
  • National data allows students to compare their answers to a wider population.
  • Finally, students use statistical tests to analyse antibiotic resistance data.

Learning Objectives:

  • Antibiotics do not work on viruses, as bacteria and viruses have different structures.
  • Bacteria are continually adapting to develop ways of not being killed by antibiotics, this is called antibiotic resistance.
  • Taking antibiotics also affects your useful bacteria, not just the ones causing an infection.
  • Antibiotic resistant bacteria can be carried by healthy or ill people and can be passed on silently to others.
  • Antibiotic resistance spreads between different bacteria within our body.
  • Controlling antibiotic resistance is everyone's responsibility including you.


  • Graph paper for completion of SW2

Curriculum Links:

  • Science: Working Scientifically, Experimental skills and investigations, Analysis and evaluation
  • RSHE: Health & Prevention
  • GCSE: Health and Social Care, Factors affecting health and wellbeing, health promotion
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e-Bug Operated By Public Health England Logo

e-Bug is a free educational resource, operated by Public Health England, which contributes to the government’s ongoing action plan to tackle antimicrobial resistance. e-Bug resources make learning about microbes, antibiotics and the spread and treatment of infection, engaging and accessible.


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