What will you learn:
This lesson builds on previous sessions on the immune system and explores how vaccines have been developed to utilise the immune system to protect us from diseases. The main activity aims to introduce the importance of 'herd immunity'.
- An activity where students take part in a simulation to see how vaccines are used to prevent the spread of infections and discover the significance of herd immunity.
- Activity for more able students, examining World Health Organisation (WHO) data on the measles vaccination and attempt to explain why measles kills more children in Africa than in Europe despite the vaccine being available.
- Activity asking students to assess which vaccines are necessary to visit certain countries of the world, and why.
- Understand that vaccines help prevent a range of bacterial and viral infections.
- Understand that there are not vaccines for all infections.
- Understand that previously common infections are now rare due to vaccines.
- Understand that the most common infections such as the common cold or sore throat are not prevented by vaccines.
- Understand that vaccines are dead or weakened microbes.
- Understand that declining vaccination rates mean that rare infections could become more common again in some places.
- A print out of Student worksheet 1 and 2 for each student
- One of each colour cards taken from Student handout 1 through 5
- Science: Working Scientifically, Experimental skills and investigations, Analysis and evaluation
- RSHE: Health & Prevention
- Geography: Human and physical geography, Geographical skills and fieldwork