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KS2 Antibiotic Use and Medicine

When, Why and How to use antibiotics can be confusing for many people. The treatment of infection section explores the use of antibiotics and medicine in treating various illnesses and diseases. This lesson perfectly complements the Health and Prevention element of the new RSHE curriculum for KS2.

  • Overview

What will you learn:

This lesson is based on student discussion. Students are exposed to a range of scenarios in Amy and Harry's school day. Students discuss the various comments made throughout the cartoon and decide whether or not they agree.

Activities include:

  • Comic strip scenarios that expose students to a range of choices two children make related to the spread of illness and antibiotic use.
  • Discussion point tool at teacher can use to lead a class discussion around each scenario, helping students decide whether they agree or disagree with the statements being made.
  • "Word mix up!" game sheet that can be used to match medical terms to a definition.

Learning Objectives:

  • Understand that most common infections get better on their own through time, bed rest, liquid intake and healthy living.
  • Understand that if antibiotics are taken, it is important to finish the course.
  • Understand that antibiotics treat bacterial infections only.
  • Understand that they should not share antibiotics or other medicines that are prescribed by a doctor.


  • A print out of Student Handout 1 and 2 for each student

Curriculum Links:

  • Science: Working Scientifically, Living things and their habitats, Animals including humans
  • English: Reading & Comprehension
  • RSHE: Health & Prevention
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e-Bug Operated By Public Health England Logo

e-Bug is a free educational resource, operated by Public Health England, which contributes to the government’s ongoing action plan to tackle antimicrobial resistance. e-Bug resources make learning about microbes, antibiotics and the spread and treatment of infection, engaging and accessible.


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