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KS1 How Clean Is Your Kitchen?

This session focuses on avoiding bad microbes in the kitchen, from knowing where they're found to stopping their spread. This lesson perfectly complements the Health and Prevention element of the new RSHE curriculum for primary aged children.

Last Updated: 17 November 2020 Medium English Bacteria, Cross-contamination, Harmful, Hygiene, Micro-organism, Microbes, Pathogen
  • Overview

What will you learn:

This Food Hygiene lesson demonstrates how microbes can infect humans through raw and undercooked foods. Students act as chefs for the class and prepare a pretend chicken sandwich. In this activity students literally see how far they have spread harmful microbes!

Activities include:

  • Students prepare a pretend chicken sandwich that allows them to see how far they have spread dangerous microbes.
  • Worksheets facilitate a discussion on "do's and don'ts" for kitchen cleanliness and management.
  • The "Kitchen Investigator" experiment that uses bread to show where most microbes lurk in the kitchen.

Learning Objectives:

  • Understand that there can be harmful microbes found on raw food, especially raw meat.
  • Know the best way to destroy harmful microbes on meat is to cook thoroughly.
  • Know to always wash your hands after touching raw meat.
  • Know that raw meat should be kept on the bottom shelf of the fridge.
  • Know not use the same chopping board and knife to chop raw and cooked meat.
  • Know that meat and vegetables should be chopped on different chopping boards.


  • Activity 1
  • Glo Gel or powder (Alternative: glitter)
  • UV light
  • Chicken fillets made from play dough
  • Plastic toy food
  • Paper plates
  • Plastic knives, chopping boards
  • Oven area (Optional)
  • Activity 2
  • Bread
  • Sandwich bags
  • Water
  • Marker pen
  • Magnifying glass

Curriculum Links:

  • Science: Working Scientifically, Living things and their habitats
  • English: Reading & Comprehension
  • RSHE: Health & Prevention
  • Design & Technology: Cooking & Nutrition
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e-Bug is a free educational resource, operated by Public Health England, which contributes to the government’s ongoing action plan to tackle antimicrobial resistance. e-Bug resources make learning about microbes, antibiotics and the spread and treatment of infection, engaging and accessible.


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