Antibiotic Awareness

Teaching Time: 50min

Target Group: Key Stage 1

Curriculum Links:

Science: Working scientifically

English: Reading and comprehension

PSHE: Core Theme 1 - Health and wellbeing; Core Theme 3 - Living in the wider world

Learning Objectives:

All students:

  • understand that antibiotics are special medicines that only work for some illnesses (bacterial).
  • understand that you should only take antibiotics prescribed by your doctor.
  • understand that if antibiotics are taken, it is important to finish the course.

Most students:

  • understand that they should ever take anyone else’s antibiotics.
  • understand that bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics.

Some students:

  • understand that antibiotics do not work on viral infections like most coughs, colds and flu.
View More


This lesson demonstrates to students that antibiotics are special medicines that only work on bacteria. Students learn that antibiotics should only be taken if they have been prescribed by your doctor and you should take the whole course of antibiotics.

Activities include:

  • Test tube experiment will help students learn what antibiotics are and demonstrate basic concepts about resistance.
  • Fun facts on antibiotics fact sheet that allows the class to discuss key issues around antibiotics.
  • Worksheets where students try and help Amy through our maze, to reach her antibiotics at the chemists.

View the video for an example of how this lesson can be run in your class.

  • Antibiotic Awareness - Complete pack  Microsoft Word icon    Adobe PDF icon
  • Other resources
  • Key Stage 2 pack England  Microsoft Word icon    Adobe PDF icon

DISCLAIMER: e-Bug was developed for use in schools pre-COVID-19 and so some activities may require modification based on your school’s distancing guidelines.

Please use your judgement and tell us how you have modified the activities, or if you would like to discuss some ideas, contact

Do not show me again